If you want to have water running to your house all winter, you need to take a little time to make sure that you are doing everything you can to protect and prepare your well for winter weather. Listed and explained below are three different ways that you can prepare your well for winter weather.
#1: Insulate All Above-Ground Plumbing Pipes
Most of the components of your well are located underground, where they are not likely to freeze, even when it gets really cold outside. However, some of the plumbing pipes for your well do have to come above ground in order to provide water to your home.
Locate all the plumbing pipes that extend above ground from your well to your home. Purchase piping insulation for the entire length of pipes that are exposed. Make sure that the insulation you choose is the right size for the pipes extending into your home. Take the insulation and slide it over your pipes, and then secure it in place by wrapping heat tape around the insulation. This will both keep the insulation in place and keep your pipes warm. If you live somewhere with especially cold weather, you may want to directly wrap the heat tape around the pipes, apply the insulation, and then put an additional layer of heat tape around the insulation to really ensure that your pipes are warm and never freeze.
#2: Keep the Pump Protected
On some wells, some of the pump components are above ground. If your pumping components are located above ground, make sure that all exposed pipe is wrapped in heating tape and insulation. Purchase insulation that will fit around the pump housing itself.
To further protect your heat pump, build a small insulated home around your pump. This is often referred to as a well house. Make sure that this house uses strong insulation to keep your pipes warm. Ideally, you should set up your well house so that you can hang a flood light inside of the house; this will help keep the temperatures warm inside of your tiny well-house and will help keep your pump protected.
#3: Have Back-Up Sources of Power
If you live somewhere where the power goes out at least once during the winter time, you are going to want to make sure that you have some sort of back-up source of power. You will need this in order to get water out of your well. You may want to invest in a portable or standby generator so that you have the energy you need in the event of an emergency. It is also a good idea during the winter time to have a large supply of emergency fresh water that you can use for all your drinking and cleaning needs in the event of a power outage.
Visit sites like http://www.downrightdrilling.com to find well-pump companies that serve your area.